OÙ ? LE LIBAN
According to the World Bank, the crisis in Lebanon represents “one of the top ten, if not top three, economic collapses the world has seen since the 1850s”.
Lebanon has suffered a number of shocks in recent years, ranging from the impact of the Syrian conflict through to the financial and economic crisis, its political stalemate, COVID-19 and the Beirut port explosion, all of which have had a direct impact on the purchasing power and livelihoods of Lebanese households as well as on the large refugee population.
Nearly 78% of the Lebanese population is now living below the poverty line and 1.9 million Lebanese people are in need of assistance according to the Lebanon 2021 Emergency Response Plan (OCHA). Inflation reached 229% between February 2021 and February 2022. Meanwhile, eleven years into the Syrian crisis, the Lebanese government estimates that it is now accommodating more than 1.5 million Syrian refugees, making it the country with the highest number of refugees per capita in the world. Moreover, fewer than 500,000 Syrian refugees are registered with UNHCR, making them ineligible for various forms of assistance and support. Lebanon is also home to approximately 180,000 refugees.
This precarious situation mainly affects migrants and refugees whose living conditions have deteriorated considerably since the explosion in Beirut and the arrival of the COVID-19 pandemic. Among these communities, women and children struggle to access basic goods and services, and are particularly vulnerable to abuse, including sexual violence. While the situation on the ground continues to deteriorate, the mechanisms for protection against such violence remain very limited.